Koto Sound Dictionary


Waren is an ornamental technique. It is a light, quick stroke along the lower strings with the plectrum of the third finger of the right hand. Standard practice dictates starting with string 1 at the far right of the string, then ending up on the fifth string by the end of the stroke. The actual strings stroked is approximate: some performers will stroke strings 1-3, or 2-5, or vary the exact pitches during the performance.

Sound Examples
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  example performance of waren.